org.apache.commons.compress.archivers.tar

Class TarUtils



  • public class TarUtilsextends Object
    This class provides static utility methods to work with byte streams.
    This class is immutable
    • Method Summary

      Methods 
      Modifier and TypeMethod and Description
      static longcomputeCheckSum(byte[] buf)
      Compute the checksum of a tar entry header.
      static intformatCheckSumOctalBytes(long value, byte[] buf, int offset, int length)
      Writes an octal value into a buffer.
      static intformatLongOctalBytes(long value, byte[] buf, int offset, int length)
      Write an octal long integer into a buffer.
      static intformatLongOctalOrBinaryBytes(long value, byte[] buf, int offset, int length)
      Write an long integer into a buffer as an octal string if this will fit, or as a binary number otherwise.
      static intformatNameBytes(String name, byte[] buf, int offset, int length)
      Copy a name into a buffer.
      static intformatNameBytes(String name, byte[] buf, int offset, int length, ZipEncoding encoding)
      Copy a name into a buffer.
      static intformatOctalBytes(long value, byte[] buf, int offset, int length)
      Write an octal integer into a buffer.
      static voidformatUnsignedOctalString(long value, byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
      Fill buffer with unsigned octal number, padded with leading zeroes.
      static booleanparseBoolean(byte[] buffer, int offset)
      Parse a boolean byte from a buffer.
      static StringparseName(byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
      Parse an entry name from a buffer.
      static StringparseName(byte[] buffer, int offset, int length, ZipEncoding encoding)
      Parse an entry name from a buffer.
      static longparseOctal(byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
      Parse an octal string from a buffer.
      static longparseOctalOrBinary(byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
      Compute the value contained in a byte buffer.
      static booleanverifyCheckSum(byte[] header)
      Wikipedia says: The checksum is calculated by taking the sum of the unsigned byte values of the header block with the eight checksum bytes taken to be ascii spaces (decimal value 32).
    • Method Detail

      • parseOctal

        public static long parseOctal(byte[] buffer,              int offset,              int length)
        Parse an octal string from a buffer.

        Leading spaces are ignored. The buffer must contain a trailing space or NUL, and may contain an additional trailing space or NUL.

        The input buffer is allowed to contain all NULs, in which case the method returns 0L (this allows for missing fields).

        To work-around some tar implementations that insert a leading NUL this method returns 0 if it detects a leading NUL since Commons Compress 1.4.

        Parameters:
        buffer - The buffer from which to parse.
        offset - The offset into the buffer from which to parse.
        length - The maximum number of bytes to parse - must be at least 2 bytes.
        Returns:
        The long value of the octal string.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the trailing space/NUL is missing or if a invalid byte is detected.
      • parseOctalOrBinary

        public static long parseOctalOrBinary(byte[] buffer,                      int offset,                      int length)
        Compute the value contained in a byte buffer. If the most significant bit of the first byte in the buffer is set, this bit is ignored and the rest of the buffer is interpreted as a binary number. Otherwise, the buffer is interpreted as an octal number as per the parseOctal function above.
        Parameters:
        buffer - The buffer from which to parse.
        offset - The offset into the buffer from which to parse.
        length - The maximum number of bytes to parse.
        Returns:
        The long value of the octal or binary string.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the trailing space/NUL is missing or an invalid byte is detected in an octal number, or if a binary number would exceed the size of a signed long 64-bit integer.
        Since:
        1.4
      • parseBoolean

        public static boolean parseBoolean(byte[] buffer,                   int offset)
        Parse a boolean byte from a buffer. Leading spaces and NUL are ignored. The buffer may contain trailing spaces or NULs.
        Parameters:
        buffer - The buffer from which to parse.
        offset - The offset into the buffer from which to parse.
        Returns:
        The boolean value of the bytes.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if an invalid byte is detected.
      • parseName

        public static String parseName(byte[] buffer,               int offset,               int length)
        Parse an entry name from a buffer. Parsing stops when a NUL is found or the buffer length is reached.
        Parameters:
        buffer - The buffer from which to parse.
        offset - The offset into the buffer from which to parse.
        length - The maximum number of bytes to parse.
        Returns:
        The entry name.
      • parseName

        public static String parseName(byte[] buffer,               int offset,               int length,               ZipEncoding encoding)                        throws IOException
        Parse an entry name from a buffer. Parsing stops when a NUL is found or the buffer length is reached.
        Parameters:
        buffer - The buffer from which to parse.
        offset - The offset into the buffer from which to parse.
        length - The maximum number of bytes to parse.
        encoding - name of the encoding to use for file names
        Returns:
        The entry name.
        Throws:
        IOException - on error
        Since:
        1.4
      • formatNameBytes

        public static int formatNameBytes(String name,                  byte[] buf,                  int offset,                  int length)
        Copy a name into a buffer. Copies characters from the name into the buffer starting at the specified offset. If the buffer is longer than the name, the buffer is filled with trailing NULs. If the name is longer than the buffer, the output is truncated.
        Parameters:
        name - The header name from which to copy the characters.
        buf - The buffer where the name is to be stored.
        offset - The starting offset into the buffer
        length - The maximum number of header bytes to copy.
        Returns:
        The updated offset, i.e. offset + length
      • formatNameBytes

        public static int formatNameBytes(String name,                  byte[] buf,                  int offset,                  int length,                  ZipEncoding encoding)                           throws IOException
        Copy a name into a buffer. Copies characters from the name into the buffer starting at the specified offset. If the buffer is longer than the name, the buffer is filled with trailing NULs. If the name is longer than the buffer, the output is truncated.
        Parameters:
        name - The header name from which to copy the characters.
        buf - The buffer where the name is to be stored.
        offset - The starting offset into the buffer
        length - The maximum number of header bytes to copy.
        encoding - name of the encoding to use for file names
        Returns:
        The updated offset, i.e. offset + length
        Throws:
        IOException - on error
        Since:
        1.4
      • formatUnsignedOctalString

        public static void formatUnsignedOctalString(long value,                             byte[] buffer,                             int offset,                             int length)
        Fill buffer with unsigned octal number, padded with leading zeroes.
        Parameters:
        value - number to convert to octal - treated as unsigned
        buffer - destination buffer
        offset - starting offset in buffer
        length - length of buffer to fill
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value will not fit in the buffer
      • formatOctalBytes

        public static int formatOctalBytes(long value,                   byte[] buf,                   int offset,                   int length)
        Write an octal integer into a buffer. Uses formatUnsignedOctalString(long, byte[], int, int) to format the value as an octal string with leading zeros. The converted number is followed by space and NUL
        Parameters:
        value - The value to write
        buf - The buffer to receive the output
        offset - The starting offset into the buffer
        length - The size of the output buffer
        Returns:
        The updated offset, i.e offset+length
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value (and trailer) will not fit in the buffer
      • formatLongOctalBytes

        public static int formatLongOctalBytes(long value,                       byte[] buf,                       int offset,                       int length)
        Write an octal long integer into a buffer. Uses formatUnsignedOctalString(long, byte[], int, int) to format the value as an octal string with leading zeros. The converted number is followed by a space.
        Parameters:
        value - The value to write as octal
        buf - The destinationbuffer.
        offset - The starting offset into the buffer.
        length - The length of the buffer
        Returns:
        The updated offset
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value (and trailer) will not fit in the buffer
      • formatLongOctalOrBinaryBytes

        public static int formatLongOctalOrBinaryBytes(long value,                               byte[] buf,                               int offset,                               int length)
        Write an long integer into a buffer as an octal string if this will fit, or as a binary number otherwise. Uses formatUnsignedOctalString(long, byte[], int, int) to format the value as an octal string with leading zeros. The converted number is followed by a space.
        Parameters:
        value - The value to write into the buffer.
        buf - The destination buffer.
        offset - The starting offset into the buffer.
        length - The length of the buffer.
        Returns:
        The updated offset.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value (and trailer) will not fit in the buffer.
        Since:
        1.4
      • formatCheckSumOctalBytes

        public static int formatCheckSumOctalBytes(long value,                           byte[] buf,                           int offset,                           int length)
        Writes an octal value into a buffer. Uses formatUnsignedOctalString(long, byte[], int, int) to format the value as an octal string with leading zeros. The converted number is followed by NUL and then space.
        Parameters:
        value - The value to convert
        buf - The destination buffer
        offset - The starting offset into the buffer.
        length - The size of the buffer.
        Returns:
        The updated value of offset, i.e. offset+length
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value (and trailer) will not fit in the buffer
      • computeCheckSum

        public static long computeCheckSum(byte[] buf)
        Compute the checksum of a tar entry header.
        Parameters:
        buf - The tar entry's header buffer.
        Returns:
        The computed checksum.
      • verifyCheckSum

        public static boolean verifyCheckSum(byte[] header)
        Wikipedia says:
        The checksum is calculated by taking the sum of the unsigned byte values of the header block with the eight checksum bytes taken to be ascii spaces (decimal value 32). It is stored as a six digit octal number with leading zeroes followed by a NUL and then a space. Various implementations do not adhere to this format. For better compatibility, ignore leading and trailing whitespace, and get the first six digits. In addition, some historic tar implementations treated bytes as signed. Implementations typically calculate the checksum both ways, and treat it as good if either the signed or unsigned sum matches the included checksum.

        The return value of this method should be treated as a best-effort heuristic rather than an absolute and final truth. The checksum verification logic may well evolve over time as more special cases are encountered.

        Parameters:
        header - tar header
        Returns:
        whether the checksum is reasonably good
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        COMPRESS-191

Copyright © 2016 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved.



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