com.google.gson

Class Gson



  • public final class Gsonextends Object
    This is the main class for using Gson. Gson is typically used by first constructing a Gson instance and then invoking toJson(Object) or fromJson(String, Class) methods on it. Gson instances are Thread-safe so you can reuse them freely across multiple threads.

    You can create a Gson instance by invoking new Gson() if the default configuration is all you need. You can also use GsonBuilder to build a Gson instance with various configuration options such as versioning support, pretty printing, custom JsonSerializers, JsonDeserializers, and InstanceCreators.

    Here is an example of how Gson is used for a simple Class:

     Gson gson = new Gson(); // Or use new GsonBuilder().create(); MyType target = new MyType(); String json = gson.toJson(target); // serializes target to Json MyType target2 = gson.fromJson(json, MyType.class); // deserializes json into target2 

    If the object that your are serializing/deserializing is a ParameterizedType (i.e. contains at least one type parameter and may be an array) then you must use the toJson(Object, Type) or fromJson(String, Type) method. Here is an example for serializing and deserializing a ParameterizedType:

     Type listType = new TypeToken<List<String>>() {}.getType(); List<String> target = new LinkedList<String>(); target.add("blah"); Gson gson = new Gson(); String json = gson.toJson(target, listType); List<String> target2 = gson.fromJson(json, listType); 

    See the Gson User Guide for a more complete set of examples.

    Author:
    Inderjeet Singh, Joel Leitch, Jesse Wilson
    See Also:
    TypeToken
    • Method Detail

      • getDelegateAdapter

        public <T> TypeAdapter<T> getDelegateAdapter(TypeAdapterFactory skipPast,                                             TypeToken<T> type)
        This method is used to get an alternate type adapter for the specified type. This is used to access a type adapter that is overridden by a TypeAdapterFactory that you may have registered. This features is typically used when you want to register a type adapter that does a little bit of work but then delegates further processing to the Gson default type adapter. Here is an example:

        Let's say we want to write a type adapter that counts the number of objects being read from or written to JSON. We can achieve this by writing a type adapter factory that uses the getDelegateAdapter method:

           class StatsTypeAdapterFactory implements TypeAdapterFactory {    public int numReads = 0;    public int numWrites = 0;    public &lt;T&gt; TypeAdapter&lt;T&gt; create(Gson gson, TypeToken&lt;T&gt; type) {      final TypeAdapter&lt;T&gt; delegate = gson.getDelegateAdapter(this, type);      return new TypeAdapter&lt;T&gt;() {        public void write(JsonWriter out, T value) throws IOException {          ++numWrites;          delegate.write(out, value);        }        public T read(JsonReader in) throws IOException {          ++numReads;          return delegate.read(in);        }      };    }  }   
        This factory can now be used like this:
           StatsTypeAdapterFactory stats = new StatsTypeAdapterFactory();  Gson gson = new GsonBuilder().registerTypeAdapterFactory(stats).create();  // Call gson.toJson() and fromJson methods on objects  System.out.println("Num JSON reads" + stats.numReads);  System.out.println("Num JSON writes" + stats.numWrites);  
        Note that this call will skip all factories registered before skipPast. In case of multiple TypeAdapterFactories registered it is up to the caller of this function to insure that the order of registration does not prevent this method from reaching a factory they would expect to reply from this call. Note that since you can not override type adapter factories for String and Java primitive types, our stats factory will not count the number of String or primitives that will be read or written.

        Parameters:
        skipPast - The type adapter factory that needs to be skipped while searching for a matching type adapter. In most cases, you should just pass this (the type adapter factory from where getDelegateAdapter(com.google.gson.TypeAdapterFactory, com.google.gson.reflect.TypeToken<T>) method is being invoked).
        type - Type for which the delegate adapter is being searched for.
        Since:
        2.2
      • toJsonTree

        public JsonElement toJsonTree(Object src)
        This method serializes the specified object into its equivalent representation as a tree of JsonElements. This method should be used when the specified object is not a generic type. This method uses Object.getClass() to get the type for the specified object, but the getClass() loses the generic type information because of the Type Erasure feature of Java. Note that this method works fine if the any of the object fields are of generic type, just the object itself should not be of a generic type. If the object is of generic type, use toJsonTree(Object, Type) instead.
        Parameters:
        src - the object for which Json representation is to be created setting for Gson
        Returns:
        Json representation of src.
        Since:
        1.4
      • toJsonTree

        public JsonElement toJsonTree(Object src,                              Type typeOfSrc)
        This method serializes the specified object, including those of generic types, into its equivalent representation as a tree of JsonElements. This method must be used if the specified object is a generic type. For non-generic objects, use toJsonTree(Object) instead.
        Parameters:
        src - the object for which JSON representation is to be created
        typeOfSrc - The specific genericized type of src. You can obtain this type by using the TypeToken class. For example, to get the type for Collection<Foo>, you should use:
         Type typeOfSrc = new TypeToken<Collection<Foo>>(){}.getType(); 
        Returns:
        Json representation of src
        Since:
        1.4
      • toJson

        public String toJson(Object src)
        This method serializes the specified object into its equivalent Json representation. This method should be used when the specified object is not a generic type. This method uses Object.getClass() to get the type for the specified object, but the getClass() loses the generic type information because of the Type Erasure feature of Java. Note that this method works fine if the any of the object fields are of generic type, just the object itself should not be of a generic type. If the object is of generic type, use toJson(Object, Type) instead. If you want to write out the object to a Writer, use toJson(Object, Appendable) instead.
        Parameters:
        src - the object for which Json representation is to be created setting for Gson
        Returns:
        Json representation of src.
      • toJson

        public String toJson(Object src,                     Type typeOfSrc)
        This method serializes the specified object, including those of generic types, into its equivalent Json representation. This method must be used if the specified object is a generic type. For non-generic objects, use toJson(Object) instead. If you want to write out the object to a Appendable, use toJson(Object, Type, Appendable) instead.
        Parameters:
        src - the object for which JSON representation is to be created
        typeOfSrc - The specific genericized type of src. You can obtain this type by using the TypeToken class. For example, to get the type for Collection<Foo>, you should use:
         Type typeOfSrc = new TypeToken<Collection<Foo>>(){}.getType(); 
        Returns:
        Json representation of src
      • toJson

        public void toJson(Object src,                   Appendable writer)            throws JsonIOException
        This method serializes the specified object into its equivalent Json representation. This method should be used when the specified object is not a generic type. This method uses Object.getClass() to get the type for the specified object, but the getClass() loses the generic type information because of the Type Erasure feature of Java. Note that this method works fine if the any of the object fields are of generic type, just the object itself should not be of a generic type. If the object is of generic type, use toJson(Object, Type, Appendable) instead.
        Parameters:
        src - the object for which Json representation is to be created setting for Gson
        writer - Writer to which the Json representation needs to be written
        Throws:
        JsonIOException - if there was a problem writing to the writer
        Since:
        1.2
      • toJson

        public void toJson(Object src,                   Type typeOfSrc,                   Appendable writer)            throws JsonIOException
        This method serializes the specified object, including those of generic types, into its equivalent Json representation. This method must be used if the specified object is a generic type. For non-generic objects, use toJson(Object, Appendable) instead.
        Parameters:
        src - the object for which JSON representation is to be created
        typeOfSrc - The specific genericized type of src. You can obtain this type by using the TypeToken class. For example, to get the type for Collection<Foo>, you should use:
         Type typeOfSrc = new TypeToken<Collection<Foo>>(){}.getType(); 
        writer - Writer to which the Json representation of src needs to be written.
        Throws:
        JsonIOException - if there was a problem writing to the writer
        Since:
        1.2
      • toJson

        public String toJson(JsonElement jsonElement)
        Converts a tree of JsonElements into its equivalent JSON representation.
        Parameters:
        jsonElement - root of a tree of JsonElements
        Returns:
        JSON String representation of the tree
        Since:
        1.4
      • newJsonReader

        public JsonReader newJsonReader(Reader reader)
        Returns a new JSON writer configured for the settings on this Gson instance.
      • fromJson

        public <T> T fromJson(String json,                      Class<T> classOfT)               throws JsonSyntaxException
        This method deserializes the specified Json into an object of the specified class. It is not suitable to use if the specified class is a generic type since it will not have the generic type information because of the Type Erasure feature of Java. Therefore, this method should not be used if the desired type is a generic type. Note that this method works fine if the any of the fields of the specified object are generics, just the object itself should not be a generic type. For the cases when the object is of generic type, invoke fromJson(String, Type). If you have the Json in a Reader instead of a String, use fromJson(Reader, Class) instead.
        Type Parameters:
        T - the type of the desired object
        Parameters:
        json - the string from which the object is to be deserialized
        classOfT - the class of T
        Returns:
        an object of type T from the string. Returns null if json is null.
        Throws:
        JsonSyntaxException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type classOfT
      • fromJson

        public <T> T fromJson(String json,                      Type typeOfT)               throws JsonSyntaxException
        This method deserializes the specified Json into an object of the specified type. This method is useful if the specified object is a generic type. For non-generic objects, use fromJson(String, Class) instead. If you have the Json in a Reader instead of a String, use fromJson(Reader, Type) instead.
        Type Parameters:
        T - the type of the desired object
        Parameters:
        json - the string from which the object is to be deserialized
        typeOfT - The specific genericized type of src. You can obtain this type by using the TypeToken class. For example, to get the type for Collection<Foo>, you should use:
         Type typeOfT = new TypeToken<Collection<Foo>>(){}.getType(); 
        Returns:
        an object of type T from the string. Returns null if json is null.
        Throws:
        JsonParseException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type typeOfT
        JsonSyntaxException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type
      • fromJson

        public <T> T fromJson(Reader json,                      Class<T> classOfT)               throws JsonSyntaxException,                      JsonIOException
        This method deserializes the Json read from the specified reader into an object of the specified class. It is not suitable to use if the specified class is a generic type since it will not have the generic type information because of the Type Erasure feature of Java. Therefore, this method should not be used if the desired type is a generic type. Note that this method works fine if the any of the fields of the specified object are generics, just the object itself should not be a generic type. For the cases when the object is of generic type, invoke fromJson(Reader, Type). If you have the Json in a String form instead of a Reader, use fromJson(String, Class) instead.
        Type Parameters:
        T - the type of the desired object
        Parameters:
        json - the reader producing the Json from which the object is to be deserialized.
        classOfT - the class of T
        Returns:
        an object of type T from the string. Returns null if json is at EOF.
        Throws:
        JsonIOException - if there was a problem reading from the Reader
        JsonSyntaxException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type
        Since:
        1.2
      • fromJson

        public <T> T fromJson(Reader json,                      Type typeOfT)               throws JsonIOException,                      JsonSyntaxException
        This method deserializes the Json read from the specified reader into an object of the specified type. This method is useful if the specified object is a generic type. For non-generic objects, use fromJson(Reader, Class) instead. If you have the Json in a String form instead of a Reader, use fromJson(String, Type) instead.
        Type Parameters:
        T - the type of the desired object
        Parameters:
        json - the reader producing Json from which the object is to be deserialized
        typeOfT - The specific genericized type of src. You can obtain this type by using the TypeToken class. For example, to get the type for Collection<Foo>, you should use:
         Type typeOfT = new TypeToken<Collection<Foo>>(){}.getType(); 
        Returns:
        an object of type T from the json. Returns null if json is at EOF.
        Throws:
        JsonIOException - if there was a problem reading from the Reader
        JsonSyntaxException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type
        Since:
        1.2
      • fromJson

        public <T> T fromJson(JsonReader reader,                      Type typeOfT)               throws JsonIOException,                      JsonSyntaxException
        Reads the next JSON value from reader and convert it to an object of type typeOfT. Returns null, if the reader is at EOF. Since Type is not parameterized by T, this method is type unsafe and should be used carefully
        Throws:
        JsonIOException - if there was a problem writing to the Reader
        JsonSyntaxException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type
      • fromJson

        public <T> T fromJson(JsonElement json,                      Class<T> classOfT)               throws JsonSyntaxException
        This method deserializes the Json read from the specified parse tree into an object of the specified type. It is not suitable to use if the specified class is a generic type since it will not have the generic type information because of the Type Erasure feature of Java. Therefore, this method should not be used if the desired type is a generic type. Note that this method works fine if the any of the fields of the specified object are generics, just the object itself should not be a generic type. For the cases when the object is of generic type, invoke fromJson(JsonElement, Type).
        Type Parameters:
        T - the type of the desired object
        Parameters:
        json - the root of the parse tree of JsonElements from which the object is to be deserialized
        classOfT - The class of T
        Returns:
        an object of type T from the json. Returns null if json is null.
        Throws:
        JsonSyntaxException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type typeOfT
        Since:
        1.3
      • fromJson

        public <T> T fromJson(JsonElement json,                      Type typeOfT)               throws JsonSyntaxException
        This method deserializes the Json read from the specified parse tree into an object of the specified type. This method is useful if the specified object is a generic type. For non-generic objects, use fromJson(JsonElement, Class) instead.
        Type Parameters:
        T - the type of the desired object
        Parameters:
        json - the root of the parse tree of JsonElements from which the object is to be deserialized
        typeOfT - The specific genericized type of src. You can obtain this type by using the TypeToken class. For example, to get the type for Collection<Foo>, you should use:
         Type typeOfT = new TypeToken<Collection<Foo>>(){}.getType(); 
        Returns:
        an object of type T from the json. Returns null if json is null.
        Throws:
        JsonSyntaxException - if json is not a valid representation for an object of type typeOfT
        Since:
        1.3

Copyright © 2016. All Rights Reserved.



NOTHING
NOTHING
Add the Maven Dependecy to your project: maven dependecy for com.amazonaws : aws-java-sdk : 1.3.14